Vitamin B1, Thiamin, Aneurin - For Healthy Nerves, Heart and Muscles

Vitamin B1, Thiamin

For what is used vitamin B1?

Thiamin, aneurin or vitamin B1 is one of the vitamin B group which are soluble in water and participate in many metabolic processes in the organism. Vitamin B1 is essential for the generation of energy from carbohydrates, for the proper functioning of nerve cells, to work all muscle fibers, including heart-muscle fibers, to create red blood cells red blood cells.

Thiamine can create plants, fungi, algae, or animals have to bring him in food, and for them vitamin B1 is (vita - life, amine - chemical group containing nitrogen, ie. For life essential amine). He is represented in many foods of plant and animal origin, and approved in the intestines.

Vitamin B1 is applied to deficits in infants, heart disease, neurological disorders (sciatica, polyneuropathy), athletes, diabetes, detoxification of lead, in the treatment of mental decline, in depression problems.

Vitamin B1 affects the mental state of man, and it is called "moral vitamin". At 19, and in the early 20th century, due to the use of polished rice, as well as basic food, with vitamin B1 is being removed in shell, hundreds of thousands of lives claimed the disease beriberi.

Often it is necessary to apply the vitamin B complex, and the effect of vitamin B1 is useful the presence of vitamin B6 and B12. Vitamin B Complex influence on growth and development, functioning of the nervous system, the immune system, the heart and blood vessels.

Which food has vitamin B1?

Vitamin B1 has in yeast (bread, yeast rolls, beer), bran, unrefined cereals, unpolished rice, meat, especially liver and kidney, eggs, milk, cabbage, spinach, potatoes and a variety of other fruits and vegetables. Often preparations of flour enriched with vitamin B1. When cooking vitamin B1 can easily decompose at elevated temperatures.

Vitamin B1, Thiamin

What are the recommended daily dose?

The recommended daily dosage of vitamin B1 are:

For infants (0-12 months): 0.2-0.3mg

for children
1-3 years: 0.5 mg
4-8 years: 0.6 mg
9-13 years: 0.9mg

Men 14 years and older: 1.2mg
Women 14 years and older: 1.0mg

The recommended daily dose should be perceived broadly as themselves nutritionists differed in opinions on the daily needs for certain vitamins, and from time to time this recommendation and change. The basis of preserving good health is diverse, balanced and moderate diet.

However, the daily needs are very individual and depend on the physical and mental effort which a person exhibits physiological conditions (pregnancy). In some diseases requires increased intake of vitamin B1, eg. Diabetes, hyperthyroidism, with alcoholism. Each person is an individual for himself and depending on the physiological state, disease, efforts which it is exposed may have different needs for vitamins.

When you can get to a lack of vitamin B1?

Lack of vitamin B1 leads to weakness, fatigue, psychosis, and nerve damage. The deficit of this vitamin practically can not occur in a variety of food, as it has in the cereals, eggs, meat, vegetables, yeast. Today, a lack of vitamin B1 is most common in alcoholics, because large amounts of alcohol reduce the adoption of thiamine in the body. This leads to the formation of beriberi, where the damage nerves, brain, heart muscle. Lack of vitamin B1 may occur with malnutrition, disorders in the absorption of food (malabsorption syndrome), alcoholism.


Beriberi is characterized by disturbances of vision, mental disorders, muscle weakness, paralysis of the eye muscles, reduced sensitivity and spasms in the legs and feet, disorders of heart rhythm, blood pressure, breathing. The development of anemia, peripheral edema, loss of appetite and anorexia are signs of long-term deficit of vitamin B1 in the body. The ultimate outcome of beriberi can be death. Lack of this vitamin is carried out by giving high doses of this vitamin - 50mg a day and more. When compensate for vitamin that is missing, the body returns to the normal functioning.

Who needs high amounts of vitamin B1?

Increased need for vitamin B1 have chronic alcoholics, which can take up to 100 mg of this vitamin daily. Also, people who use large amounts of tea or coffee, as well as smokers, should increase their intake of vitamin B1. The antioxidants from plant sources such as the brown acid, chlorogenic acid, tannins, flavonoids inactivate vitamin B1 and reduce his adoption.

Long-standing infectious disease, long-term stress and strain, neurological diseases, also require an increased intake of this vitamin. Vitamin B1 is increasingly spends in accelerated metabolism, ie. At elevated temperature, with increased physical activity - hard physical labor, athletes who train intensively, with hyperthyroidism. Pregnant women also have an increased need for thiamine. When the damaged intestinal function, whereby the body has a reduced capacity to absorb vitamin B1 in food, it is necessary to apply it intravenously. According to some research, large amounts of vitamin B1 (50mg daily) strongly enhance mental function, learning and concentration.

Is it possible to enter too much vitamin B1?

Poisoning vitamin B1 - hypervitaminosis can not continue because it is soluble in water, but an undue amount of the vitamin is excreted from the body.

Which drugs can lead to interactions with vitamin B1?

In the use of loop diuretics (Lasix, Yurinex, Edemid forte) comes to increased excretion of vitamin B1 from the body, so it is necessary to increase the intake. Oral contraceptives can also cause deficiency of vitamin B1. Sulfites - preservatives present in meat products, canned fruits and vegetables, can also reduce the level of this vitamin. When using certain antidepressants (maprotiline, amitriptyline, Anafranil) can be a significant improvement of depressive states if at the same time taking 10mg of vitamin B1 daily.

Derivatives of vitamin B1

Benfotiamine is a synthetically prepared derivatives of tiamine, which is a liposoluble (fat soluble and therefore remains longer in the body). The market has cure for diabetic neuropathy name of it is "Milgamma", containing just benfotiamine and vitamin B6. In Germany, doctors use this combination with nerve damage and pain, eg. In sciatica. This form of vitamin B1 leads to a reduction in the harmful effects of increased concentrations of glucose in the blood to the cells and tissues of the organism. In high doses benfotiamine proved successful in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy, neuropathy and nephropathy.